Section 3: Understand the purpose of positive risk taking

Q9: Identify aspects of everyday life in which risk plays a part. (3.1)
There can be risks in everyday life and that is something any individual needs to accept. For someone with additional needs like autism, it can make everyday tasks even trickier than how it would normally be for a neurotypical individual. There are even things as simple as eating or gardening that can cause risks, these include choking on foods if they’re too big or suffering from food poisoning or experiencing injuries, cuts or stings from plants or insects. Other things such as driving a car can be incredibly
stressful for someone with autism, as well as the obvious risks of potentially crashing which could cause injury or death. Going out with family or friends, or going to new places or countries, can also be incredibly distressing for individuals with autism as they may not feel comfortable being in an environment they’re not comfortable with and going out will run the risk of being assaulted, robbed, or just losing their property or getting into an accident.

Q10: Outline the benefits individuals can gain from positive risk taking. (3.2)
Despite the negative risks that could cause harm or injury, it’s important for the care workers and family members and friends to push for positive risks. These can include anything that may be risky but will be good for the individual to grow in confidence and independence. This can be anything from pushing the individual to take part in something they may not usually take part in to travelling independently to the shop or even further. This can boost their confidence and make it easier for them to eventually do things independently and help them as they grow up to become an adult.

Q11: Explain how risk assessment can be used with individuals and others. (3.3)
Usually, risk assessments are made when something could affect the health and safety of a person. Someone with additional needs, such as autism, may need a risk assessment when doing something they may be unfamiliar or uncomfortable with. The risk assessment will need to ensure it includes any health conditions, such as epilepsy, as this could be a life-threatening risk and the likelihood needs to be as low as possible. There may also run the risk of behaviour that challenges which can be difficult to
manage, especially in an adult with autism, so it is important to know any triggers that could occur as well as how to best handle the situation if the challenging behaviour shows. There are, of course, other risks that could occur that the individual planning the activity may not have any control over, such as weather or falling, stinging insects or equipment failure.